- 1 What is Infertility in India & Stats
- 2 Causes of Infertility
- 3 Male Infertility Causes:
- 4 Female Infertility Causes:
- 5 Examination Process of Infertility
- 6 Infertility Treatment in Male & Female
- 7 In Some Critical IVF Cases:
- 8 Infertility Treatment Cost In Delhi (INDIA)
- 9 Quote on Infertility
- 10 You Can't Miss these Related Stories on Blograja
What is Infertility in India & Stats
During recent years, a spike has been reported for infertility cases. Statistics say every 1 out of 7 people (men and women comprised) faces the situation. Even though, the problem is not limited to a specific gender yet the infertility rate is reported to be higher among women. The data says:
• About 20% of men experience infertility.
• About 40% to 50% women experience infertility.
If a couple tries to conceive for, at least, 6-12 months but not being successful, it is termed as an infertility case and seeks medical supervision. Only 20% couples succeed to conceiving within 1-3 months. A majority of couples take 6-12 months for the same. In some rare cases, the period is 24 months but if a couple is not being able to fertile for 12 months, a medical supervision is needed. This article explains causes, diagnosis, and treatments for infertility.
Causes of Infertility
To better understand the causes of infertility, let’s have a quick overview of how reproductive system works. The male genital organs produce semen that comprises of sperm. Every day a male produces millions of sperms. On the other hand, every month a female ovary produces an egg that is pushed to the fallopian tube. This egg needs to collide with a sperm in order to fertilize and turn into the zygote and later on an embryo. If the egg does not receive a sperm it dries out and body drains it out through the uterus.
Overall, it is a complex organic activity and the problem may arise at any point impeding the system. Some of the identified causes are:
Male Infertility Causes:
Low or Nil sperm count is the major cause of male infertility. Sometimes, the sperm counts appear to be OK but the speed of the sperm is too low to reach the egg. Sperms born with a fixed age. If they are not fast enough they die before reaching to the egg resulting infertility. Reasons for low sperm counts are:
• Some childhood infections, prostate injury or cancer, health conditions like diabetes, hormonal disorders etc.
• The other reasons include sedentary lifestyle factors like high-stress level, consumption of alcohol, tobacco or other sedative drugs results in lower sperm count.
• Some medical conditions also contribute to the abnormal sperm counts. STDs like Gonorrhoea or Chlamydia may block the Vas Deferens, Tube That Carries Sperm, resulting from a seminal discharge without any sperm.
• Some prostate related treatments like hernia surgery can also damage the normal functioning of the testes making it unable to produce sperm.
Female Infertility Causes:
The problem with ovulation (The Process of Egg Production), damages to the Fallopian Tube or Uterus are the key reasons for female infertility. These 3 parts of the female reproductive system must be healthy in order to fertile.
• The ovulation process starts from the brain. The hypothalamus portion of the brain sends signals to the Pituitary Gland that sends signals to the ovary for producing eggs. Hormones are the medium that carries these signals. So any damages to these glands or any hormonal dis-balance cause troubles ovulating.
• Obesity, Use of drugs, Very low-fat percentages etc. can cause ovulation dis-functioning. Sometimes an egg is not produced at all or the egg dies immaturely.
• Any infection or damage to the fallopian tube makes it unable to hold the egg. As a result, the egg is drained out of the body sooner. In a case of a cyst or tumor, the tube is blocked and even a healthy sperm doesn’t reach the egg.
Examination Process of Infertility
Male Infertility Diagnosis
• The hormone, especially T-Hormones, is tested with a blood sample as they are responsible for signaling testis to produce sperm.
• A semen sample is taken and tested in the lab to check the counts, shape, speed and lifetime of the sperms. Any seminal infection may produce dead sperms or they are unable to live for long.
• A urine test is also performed. If there’s sperm present in the urine, that means the sperm is moving back to the bladder rather coming out during ejaculation.
• Some x-rays are performed to check the state of the prostate and finding out any blockage in the Vas Deferens tube.
Female Infertility Diagnosis
• The first and foremost, a blood or urine test is performed to determine the state of hormones inside the body.
• A laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen, to determine the health of internal organs and taking a sample of the tissue to determine if the ovulation is happening.
• A colored liquid is inserted into the fallopian tube and is monitored with an x-ray(HSG) to determine any blockage or leakage.
• In some rare cases, some advanced tests like Sono hysterogram and Hysteroscopy are performed to determine the state of the ovary and other reproductive organs.
Infertility Treatment in Male & Female
• In the case of infection, hormone disbalance, or low sperm count, some antibiotics and pills are given to cure it. Synthetic hormones can be injected into the body by the doctor. Additionally, one needs to make changes to his lifestyle to restore the balance.
• If a blockage is diagnosed either in Vas Deferens of male or Fallopian Tube of a female, a small surgery is required to treat it. Oral medications do not have the high success rate for removing blockages.
In Some Critical IVF Cases:
• If the male partner is producing enough sperm and female is ovulating normally but the sperm or egg is not strong enough too fertile, in such cases, the fertilization is done artificially with IVF Technique. In this process, the healthy sperm counts and egg are extracted, in the lab, from the semen and ovary. These are fertilized in the lab and once the embryo is developed, it is placed back in the ovary of the mother.
• In case, the female is healthy but all treatment fails for the male spouse, it advised to find a sperm-donor. One can find it in Sperm-Banks.
• In case, the male is healthy but all treatment fails for the female spouse, surrogacy is suggested. In this process, the sperm and egg are fertilized in the lab and then placed inside the ovary of third women (who’s hired). An intensive paperwork is done so as the hired woman doesn’t hold any right to the new-born but gets a fair pre-decided compensation.
• In case, both partners are untreatable, it is advised to adopt a child.
Infertility Treatment Cost In Delhi (INDIA)
Delhi, the capital of India, boasts a wide range of best IVF Centres, infertility doctors/specialists, and surrogacy services. Couples around the world lands in Delhi due to the low costs associated with the treatment.
As an average, the infertility treatment (IVF or Test Tube Baby) costs around
2, 00, 000 INR to 3, 00, 000 INR. A surrogate mother, in India, can be hired at the same price.
In case, you are a foreign resident and needs infertility treatment in India, you may use http://www.indiahealthcaretourism.com/ as a go-to resource. This is an official Medical Tourism portal by Indian Government. You can contact them for any further guidance.